The mother earth has come across five mass extinctions and the sixth mass extinction is currently on its way. Unlikely the sixth mass extinction is caused by over exploitation of biological resources by the highly organized and the most civilized single species i.e. the human being. A bird’s eye view of the history of the civilized mankind shows its civilization started with the over exploitation of natural resources and the more who exploited the nature ruthlessly was generally painted as more rich and more civilized.
The civilization however, started when fire was invented. With the passage of time reaching to the monopoly of monoculture and commercialization, until the adoption of current GMOs. Clearing land through burning the natural vegetation and uprooting natural forest for arable agriculture have enormously destroyed the nature, particularly in the tropical areas and is continued everywhere. The invention of explosive during the last quarter of 19th century, and introduction of atomic technology during 1st quarter of the 20th century. Keeping in view the hazy future of mankind within the accelerating deteriorated situation of the environment of the mother earth, the world leaders gathered in a UN World Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in1992 for discussing the issue of deterioration of biodiversity at large, which resulted into a very comprehensive document, Convention on Biological Diversity.
Keeping in view the dire need of Conservation Biology, the scientific study of the nature and biodiversity at large, with the aim of protecting genotypes, species and ecosystems from the accelerated rates of extinction and the erosion of gene pools and their biotic interactions, we have launched a scientific forum in the name of Society for Conservation Biology of Pakistan, an interdisciplinary scientific endeavor drawing on biological and social sciences together, for their practical resources management. We believe that only the strong scientific footing and the effective involvement of stakeholders can add to the sustainable development of biodiversity.